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VOICE D (MTN-003D) was a behavioral sub-study of VOICE that aimed to understand women’s actual and reported use of study products and sexual behavior during their participation in VOICE. Stage 1 involved 88 women who took part in individual in-depth interviews after exiting VOICE and before the trial’s results were publicly reported. Stage 2 was implemented in response to VOICE results and involved 127 former participants who took part in in-depth interviews and/or focus group discussions after learning the results of blood tests indicating their actual patterns of product use during the trial. The most common themes that emerged were fears about the products and their side effects, which were primarily fueled by other participants, relatives and community members’ negative attitudes about the products.   

Women who took part in VOICE study speak up about why they didn’t use the HIV prevention products being tested



Fact sheet – The VOICE C and VOICE D Social and Behavioral Research Sub-studies: Looking for answers about adherence and the women in VOICE



Questions and Answers – VOICE C and VOICE D Social and Behavioral Research Sub-studies of VOICE



See Also

MTN-003D Study Protocol


MTN-003D Study Page


Behavioral Measures of Product Use Didn’t Measure Up in VOICE HIV Prevention Trial, Report the Study’s Researchers



Daily HIV Prevention Approaches Didn’t Work for African Women in the VOICE Study



VOICE Fact Sheet – Understanding the Results of VOICE